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Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 Simple Past Tense Dan Present Perfect Tense

08 Aug 2022, 10:58 WIB
Ilustrasi Speaking (EBC)

EDUKASIBORNEO, PONTIANAK- Apakah teman edukasi masih ingat mengenai materi Simple Past Tense dan Present Perfect Tense saat SMP, Masih ingatkah kamu akan fungsi,pola kalimat dan keteranga waktu yang dipakai pada Simple Past dan Present Perfect Tense? Mari kita bahas kembali.

We use Simple Past Tense to talk:
a) An action that began and ended at a particular time in the past.
e.g. She cooked fried rice yesterday evening.
b) An action that occurred over a peiod of time but was completed in the past.
e.g. She taught English for ten years. ( She doesn’t teach English at present )
c) An activity that took place regularly in the past.
e.g. When I was ten years old, I took an English course there.

The sentence patterns are:

A. Using auxiliary “did”
a) Positive
Subject + Verb-2 + Complement
e.g. The teacher began the meeting an hour ago
She wanted to go the beach last week
b) Negative
Subject + Didn’t + Verb-1 + Complement
e
.g. She didn’t join the class this morning
He didn’t want to study match yesterday.
c) Interrogative
Did all the students do the assignment yesterday?
Did you go to Jakarta yesterday?

B. Using to be “was and were”
a) Positive
Subject + was / were + non verb
e.g. She was angry yesterday
My parents were able to come here?
b) Negative
Subject + was / were + not + non-Verb
e.g. He was not happy because you were late
The bed was not confortable for me.
c) Interrogative
was / were + not + Subject + non-Verb
e.g Was the girl lazy so she went to bed early? 
Was your mother at home when your father called?

Baca Juga : Latihan Soal Bahasa Indonesia SMA Kelas 11 Bab 1 Menyusun Prosedur


Ada dua jenis Verb-2 yaitu Regular dan Irregular Verbs. 

a) Regular verbs

Verb 1 Verb 2
Accept-Accepted
Approve-Approved
Cry-Cried

b) Irregular verbs
Begin-Began
Cost-Cost
Have-Had
Sing-Sang
Be-Was / Were

Adverb of time that is usually used in the Past Tense are :
a) Just now
b) Yesterday
c) Last … ( ex. Last week, last month, last year, etc
d) … ago ( ex. A week ago, a month ago, a year ago, etc)

We use Present Perfect Tense to talk about:
a) An action that happened at an unspecified time
e.g. Mother has never met her beloved father.
I have bought a new motorcycle.
b) An action that has recently occurred
e.g. She has just been to Bali
My sister has started to do her homework.
c) An action that began in the past and continues up to the present
e.g. I have live in Bandung for fifteen years.
She has been to Singapore
d) An action that happened repeatedly before now
e.g. She has always phoned me at 8 pm.
I have read that book for several times.

The sentence patterns are:

a) Positive
Subject + has / have + Verb-3 + Complement
e.g. She has finished her test before.
The students have finished their examination
b) Negative
Subject + hasn’t / haven’t + Verb-3 + Complement
e.g. They haven’t come here yet
I haven't visited my parents to see their condition
c) Interrogative
Has / Have + Subject + Verb-3 + Complement
e.g Has the plane taken off when you come?
Have you cleaned your room?

Seperti Verb-2, Past Participle juga terbagi atas bentuk regular dan irregular verbs.

a) Regular Verbs
Play-Played-Played
Walk-Walked-Walked
Book-Booked-Booked
Open-Opened-Opened
b) Irregular Verbs
Eat-Ate-Eaten
Go-Went-Gone
Write-Wrote-Written
Sleep-Slept-Slept
Be-Was / Were-Been

Baca Juga : Latihan Soal Bahasa Indonesia SMA Kelas 10 Bab 1 Laporan Hasil Observasi

Adverbial words used for Present Perfect Tense are:
a) Already
b) Just
c) Yet
d) Ever
e) Never
f) For
g) Since

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Penulis : Yoga Indrawan
Sumber : Edukasi Borneo